The "WOD" is the "workout of the day." Each day a new WOD is posted to CrossFit.com, and it's part of a complete program designed to improve strength and conditioning. The CrossFit.com program is characterized by three days of work before one day of rest, though athletes may alter this pattern. The WOD can be scaled (adjusted) to provide a suitable challenge for athletes at any level.
The WOD is always posted to the landing page on www.crossfit.com.
Use a weight that's manageable for you or use a percentage of the weight prescribed, and substitute movements you can do. For recommended scaling, follow @CrossFit Training on Instagram. The CrossFit Journal also contains resources to help you scale the workout to your level.
The WOD is a starting point, and each athlete will need to experiment to determine what "enough" means. Top athletes training for the CrossFit Games might need additional work to improve their fitness, while new athletes might need to reduce the volume of the WOD to optimize results. The exact amount of work can be determined with the assistance of an expert coach at a CrossFit affiliate, or it can be determined by carefully logging your workouts and evaluating the results. Part of the CrossFit philosophy includes pursuing or learning another sport or activity, and the demands of those sports will affect what you can do in each WOD. If you pursue another activity, you will need to balance your work/rest cycles and be sure to allow for recovery. Sometimes, you will need to take extra days off, or to consider a WOD as "active rest" done at a lower intensity.
In general, if you work the WODs hard, you will find yourself at an improved level of fitness.
If you train the WODs hard, eat right and get lots of sleep, you will definitely gain lean mass and lose fat. And yes, you can build muscle mass with the CrossFit protocol. The CrossFit protocol is designed to elicit a substantial neuroendocrine wallop and hence packs an anabolic punch that puts on impressive amounts of muscle, though that is not our concern. Strength is.
Those athletes who train for function end up with better form than those who value form over function. This is one of the beautiful ironies of training.
The CrossFit Journal has a category index, a chronological index, and search features. External search engines can also be employed.
The "official" CrossFit warm-up is in the April 2003 CrossFit Journal.
3 rounds of 10-15 reps of:
Samson stretches (do the Samson stretch once each round for 15-30 seconds)
Overhead squats with broomstick or PVC
This warm-up is only a general idea, and coaches and athletes can easily adjust it or create their own versions in order to prepare them for a specific workout.
The Burgener Warm-Up is an Olympic-lifting warm-up sequence designed by Mike Burgener, head coach of the CrossFit Weightlifting Trainer Course. The Burgener Warm-Up is detailed in the CrossFit Journal.
A pood is a Russian unit of measurement used for kettlebells. Common conversions: 1 pood = 36 lb.; 1.5 pood = 54 lb.; 2 pood = 72 lb. Approximate dumbbell equivalents are 35, 55 and 70.
Common CrossFit acronyms and abbreviations:
Abs ("the core") work to stabilize and support the body with most CrossFit movements: squats, deadlifts, the Olympic lifts, burpees, push-ups, pull-ups, etc. These movement patterns place greater emphasis on the abs working in concert with the rest of the body and will result in stronger muscles than the isolation of crunches.
Wrap your hand around the bar and grab as much of your thumb as you can with the first two fingers.
The bar is included. The prescribed weight always means total weight lifted.
Visit the Exercises & Demos page for videos of common CrossFit exercises.
For 20 seconds, do as many reps of the assigned exercise as you can, then rest for 10 seconds. Repeat this pattern seven more times for a total of 8 intervals, or 4 minutes of total exercise. The score is the least number of reps scored in any of the intervals.
If a squat load is not specified, squats should be done unloaded. This is sometimes referred to as a "bodyweight" or "air" squat. For back, front and overhead squats, use the weight indicated or scale as necessary.
Pick up two heavy dumbbells and walk for distance.
Hold a weight (dumbbell, kettlebell, etc.) overhead and walk for distance.
Use whatever grip is strongest for you—palms facing, palms away, palms parallel, mixed grip, etc.
From standing, lower the chest and thighs to the floor, then come back to standing before finishing with a jump and clap overhead. To view a demonstration of the burpee, click here. Workouts sometimes contain burpee variations, such as jumping over a bar or jumping and touching a target.
The Samson stretch is described in detail in the CrossFit Journal.
You can do any style of sit-up you like, though it's recommended you note the style in your records so you can compare performances over time. To view a demonstration of the AbMat sit-up, click here.
The pistol is often called a one-legged or single-leg squat. To view a demonstration of a pistol, click here.
"American Gymnast's Parallette Training Guide": http://www.american-gymnast.com/tt/index_163.cfm
Courtesy of Jesse Woody: "Kipping allows more work to be done in less time, thus increasing power output. It is also a full-body coordination movement when performed correctly, which applies more functionally to real-life application of pulling skills. Last, but not least, the hip motion of an effective kip mirrors the motion of the olympic lifts/kettlebell swings, adding to its function as a posterior-chain developer."
To view a demonstration of the kipping pull-up, click here.
The standard height is 10 ft. Scale as needed.
The standard weight is 20 lb. Scale as needed.
Yes. Remember this: In general, substitutions and scaling preserve the intended stimulus of the original workout, and creative coaches and athletes have a wealth of options. Injuries, mobility issues, training history and many other factors will influence your decisions. The CrossFit affiliate community has come up with a tremendous number of creative substitutions to accommodate just about any athlete, and online searches will reveal many options. When in doubt, consult a CrossFit trainer. Detailed instructions can be found in the CrossFit Journal.
Many movements can take the place of rope climbs. Towel pull-ups are one great option. For more realism, set one hand high and one hand low on the towel. A standard rope length is 15 ft., and a standard substitution is 15 towel pulls. "See-saw" towel pull-ups are also an option. If you have a rope but can't pull your weight, tie a dumbell or kettlebell to one end and pull the rope toward you hand over hand. You can do this along the ground or you can throw the rope over the pull-up bar and hoist the weight to the top. Use the climbing arm motion as much as possible.
When substituting aerobic exercises, use comparable time intervals. For example, if you run 400 meters in 90 seconds, row, bike, jump rope, run stairs, etc. for 90 seconds. Box jumps, cross-country skiing, heavy-bag work, kettlebell or dumbbell swings, weighted stair climbing or box stepping can also be used if other options are not available. Sumo deadlift high pulls can take the place of a rowing machine. Use 45 lb. for men and 35 lb. for women, and count each rep as 10 meters.
The "standard" substitute is either dumbbell or barbell thrusters. Because you can't throw dumbells or a bar in the air, use about twice the specified ball weight (40 lb. or so instead of 20 lb.) and do the reps as explosively as possible. Medicine balls are now widely available, and creative athletes have made their own with relative ease.
Pull-ups and dips. Common rep schemes often equate a certain number of pull-ups plus a certain number of dips with 1 muscle-up. The exact numbers will depend on the athlete. Again, the goal is to preserve the stimulus of the original movement.
A host of options exists, including assisted pull-ups, jumping pull-ups, negatives, ring rows or even pull-downs. A word of caution: Controlling volume addresses the risk of rhabdomyolysis in less-experienced athletes or those returning after time off. Increased volume of eccentric movement (negatives, for example) correlates to risk of rhabdomyolysis.
Support all or most of your body while working up to handstand push-ups. You can place your hands on the floor and your legs on a bench, ball or counter (bend at the waist). You can hook your toes over a bar in the power rack or Smith machine. You can do partial reps, building up to full range of motion; for example, stack a few books up under your head and lower to the books. Try to remove a book from the pile every workout or so until you are working from the floor. You can also substitute standing presses using absolutely no leg drive, but presses are not as good as working toward the actual motion.
Work on tuck sits (both legs tucked up to your chest), one-leg-extended L-sits (you can alternate legs) or use bands for support (set your parallettes under the pull-up bar and hang the bands from the bar, then put your legs or feet through the band).
Do 3 regular parallel-bars dips for every ring dip prescribed.
Do tuck jumps. Multiple single-unders in no way compensate for the exertion required for double-unders. Explode off the ground as quickly as possible and repeat for the required number of repetitions.
As with back extensions, there are lots of ways to do glute-ham sit-ups. Try lying over an exercise ball with feet hooked under a bench or bar. You can also use a bench in place of a ball.
In this workout you move from each of 5 stations after a minute. This is a 5-minute round after which a 1-minute break is allowed before repeating. We've used this in 3- and 5-round versions. The stations are:
The clock does not reset or stop between exercises. On the call of "rotate," the athlete(s) must move to the next station immediately for a good score. One point is given for each rep, except on the rower where each calorie is 1 point.
Tabata intervals (20 seconds of work followed by 10 seconds of rest, repeated 8 times) is applied in turn to the squat, rower, pull-ups, sit-ups and push-ups with a 1-minute rotation break between exercises. Each exercise is scored by the weakest number of reps (calories on the rower) in each of the 8 intervals. During the 1-minute rotation the clock is not stopped but kept running. The score is the total of the scores from the five stations. Some performance insights and a scoring example from Mark Twight:
A total score of 53 (excellent score, by the way) is determined by adding up the lowest number of reps in any set of each exercise.
12-calorie row (use the calorie counter and call each calorie a rep)
This score is a 53.
The CrossFit Training Department's Instagram page is a great resource for tips on how to appropriately scale workouts. (https://www.instagram.com/crossfittraining/?hl=en)
We encourage everyone to post their results each day to the comments section, and we always provide a link back to the previous comments when a workout is repeated. There are also several great sites online that provide a comprehensive tracking service, such as that by our friends at Beyond The Whiteboard (https://beyondthewhiteboard.com/).
CrossFit Total Rankings
based on tables by Kilgore, Rippetoe, et al.
(Aasgaard Co, 2006)
|Men's Class Rankings|
|Women's Class Rankings|
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Yes, that really is the WOD. It's a max effort strength WOD rather than a metabolic conditioning WOD. It won't leave you as "gassed" as Helen or Cindy will, but it will tax your muscles and nervous system heavily. See this thread on the message board for more discussion of the protocol, and this WOD demo for a visual.